Winter is the perfect time to prune most trees because (A) most trees are dormant and not growing, and (B) in the absence of leaves, it is easy to see where pruning is needed and even easier to do the work.
But don’t prune just to be pruning. Some of the reasons we prune trees include:
- To remove dead growth, injured or diseased or insect-infested branches;
- To remove branches that appear to be dangerously close to falling;
- To remove branches for aesthetic and appearance;
- To remove branches that rub against a building or window.
- To create open spaces so the sun’s rays can get through to the tree branches.
With a few exceptions, prune most deciduous (hardwood) trees while they are dormant in Winter. Exceptions include trees like Maple, Birch and Dogwood, which have a sap and resin flow during Spring (pruning in Winter would negatively affect the sap/resin flow). These trees should be pruned in late Fall.
Prune flowering trees and shrubs that flower in the Spring immediately after they are done flowering.
Prune trees and shrubs that flower in Summer any time you wish – but NOT when it’s really hot, as that is when insects are highly active and can migrate to other plants.
Prune evergreens in early to mid-Summer but not if it is very hot. Never prune evergreens in late Summer or Fall. When you prune, you can cut back from 50 to 90 percent of new growth every year to get more compact growth.
Check with the Sanders customer service staff for expert advice.